For each of the nine Enneagram types, there are three instinctual subtypes. And for each of nine groups of three subtypes, there is one that is the counter-type, one that, as Naranjo says, is “upside-down” and goes against the

predominant energetic flow of the type. The counter-phobic Six is only the most famous of these nine counter-types. Knowledge of the counter-types can help with self-knowledge and selfdevelopment, and it can greatly improve our ability to locate an individual’s type. Through lecture, discussion, film clip examples, and testimonials from panelists, we will explore this important feature of the instinctual subtypes.

Beatrice Chestnut, Ph.D., M.A., M.F.T. has been working with the Enneagram for over 18 years. She has a Ph.D. in communication and an M.A. in psychology. She has taught at Northwestern University, the California Institute of Integral Studies, and The School of Law at the University of San Francisco. Currently, she has a private psychotherapy practice and teaches Enneagram workshops in San Francisco. She has been trained as a group facilitator and completed the Palmer/Daniels Enneagram Professional Training Program certification in 1997 and Ginger Lapid-Bogda’s two “Train-the-Trainers” trainings in 2005 and 2007.

IEA Accredited Teacher.

Beatrice Chestnut


2010 IEA Global Conference

San Francisco, California, USA

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