Abstract: This study examined the validity of an integrated typology that combines the nine Enneagram types with the four attachment styles. Attachment styles are derived from research on attachment theory, a theory of human development that focuses on how infants and adults establish, monitor and repair close emotional relationships. Support was found for a conceptualization of the Enneagram types as attachment strategies that organize attention in order to facilitate the establishment, monitoring, and repair of close emotional relationships throughout life. The results are discussed in terms of implications for understanding the development and maintenance of the passions, and implications for further study of the developmental process of spiritual transformation of the types.


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