The underlying structure of the Enneagram types is not well understood. This presenter recently proposed that the 9 Enneagram ego compulsions each have a two-layer structure, with a surface compulsion and a deep compulsion. Each layer has a Hornevian structure, leading to a simple theory that explains not only the 9 types, but also most lines of integration. This workshop will first present the major points of the theory, and then proceed to an informal discussion of the implications of this theory for personal growth, as well as for unifying the Enneagram with other psychological systems.

Tom Chow


2000 IEA Global Conference

Burlingame, California, USA